According the USDA, organic crops and livestock are ...
Required to meet USDA organic regulations.
Produced without genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge.
Managed such that natural resources and biodiversity is conserved.
Regulated by National List of Allowed and Prohibited
Overseen by USDA National Organic Program-
authorized certifying agent
Organic Crop Production Practices
Maintained with natural means. No sewage sludge or biosolids.
PESTS, WEEDS, DISEASES
Relies on prevention, avoidance, monitoring, and suppression. Approved pesticides are a last resort.
Must be organic. Not genetically modified or treated with prohibited substances.
IDENTITY & INTEGRITY
Producers required to maintain identity and integrity of organic crops.
Naturally manages issues with soil, insects & farm biodiversity. Required by USDA organic regulations.
Overseen & regulated by USDA. Products must be certified by USDA-accredited certifying agent.
Organic Livestock Production Practices
Living areas to encourage and natural behavior. Access to outdoors, shade, shelter, space for exercise, fresh air, clean drinking water, direct sunlight.
Certified organic feed. Any pastures, forages, and plant-based bedding accessible must be certified organic.
Relies on prevention. Well adapted breeds. Use of balanced nutrition, exercise, low stress. Vaccinations but no antibiotics or growth hormones.
Must be raised organically since last third of gestation. Birds used for poultry or eggs can be from any source, raised organically from 2nd day of life.
Animals that graze must have access to pasture during grazing season. Cannot be continuously confined.
Overseen & regulated by USDA. Products must be certified by organic by USDA-accredited certifying agent.
Information about organic certification and practices obtained from the USDA.
Can be found at the following site:
For National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances: