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health benefits of physical activity

benefits for kids

Improved bone health.

Reduced risk of depression.

Improved weight status.

Improved cardiometabolic health.

Improved cognition.

Improved cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness.

Benefit for kids
  • Lower risk of all-cause mortality.

  • Lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality and cardiovascular disease.

  • Reduced risk of high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and adverse lipid profile.

  • Slow/reduced weight gain and prevention of weight gain following initial weight loss.

  • Improved bone health and physical function.

  • Reduced risk of dementia (including Alzheimer's), anxiety, and depression.

  • Weight loss (when combined with reduced caloric intake). 

  • Improved cognition, sleep, and quality of life.

  • Lower risk of falls and fall-related injuries in older adults.

  • Decreased risk of certain cancers including bladder, breast, colon, endometrium, esophagus, kidney, lung & stomach.

benefits for adults

Benefits for adults

benefits for people with chronic diseases & disabilities

  • Cancer survivors : Improved health-related quality of life & fitness.

  • Breast cancer survivors: Lower risk of dying from breast cancer and all-cause mortality. 

  • Osteoarthritis: Decreased pain and improved physical function & health quality of life with no effect on disease progression (at recommended activity levels).

  • Colorectal cancer survivors: Lower risk of dying from colorectal cancer and all-cause mortality.

  • Prostate cancer survivors: Lower risk of dying from prostate cancer. 

  • Diabetes: Lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality and decreased progression of disease indicators (hemoglobin a1c, blood pressure, body mass index, and lipids).

  • High blood pressure: Lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality, decreased cardiovascular disease progression, lower risk of increased blood pressure over time. 

  • Dementia: Improved cognition. 

  • Multiple sclerosis: Improved physical function and cognition. 

  • Spinal cord injuries: Improved walking function, muscle strength, and upper extremity function. 

  • Improved cognition for people with diseases that impair cognitive function (including ADHD, schizophrenia, 

         Parkinson's, and stroke).

Benefits for chronic disease

Quite some benefits, right?

Lists of health benefits of physical activity for children and adults obtained from:

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. 2nd Edition. Washington D.C.:2018, U.S Department of Health and Human Services;2018.

Available at

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